the Hebron pogrom of 1929

Jewish settlers in the West Bank are often criticized and considered to be oppressive occupiers.  My own experiences, while visiting Jewish settlements in those territories, does lend some support to these accusations.  There is much hatred and disdain, among those Jewish settlers, toward the Arabs.  Sometimes they are abusive toward their Arab neighbors.  The buildings they live in clash, esthetically, with the countryside while the Arab houses seem to compliment it.  On the other hand, these settlements do provide a source of employment for many Arabs who live in extreme poverty.
One settlement, in particular, has been a source of great controversy: the settlement within the city of Hebron.  Hebron is considered sacred by Jew and Muslim alike.  The patriarchs are reputed to be buried there and the Arabs call it “al-Khalil” (“the friend”).  Though the Jewish presence in Hebron dates to remote antiquity, due to various persecutions and restrictions, there was no known Jewish community there (in modern times) until the middle of the 16th century.  By the 20th century there were established Sephardic and Ashkenazic communities in Hebron.
In 1929 many of the local Arabs rose up and massacred 67 Jews.  Men, women and children.  Their brutality knew no bounds and they even murdered the Jewish doctor who had freely given his time and skill on behalf of those same Arabs.  They slaughtered his family, beheaded him and threw his head into the toilet.  So I was told.  Much to their credit, some Arab families risked their own lives and hid some 435 Jews in their homes.  On one of my visits to Hebron, I visited the local Jewish cemetery (where the victims are buried).  As I stood there, a very old Arab man was walking by and noticed me.  He stood there and stared.  I would have liked to know what role, if any, he played in that tragedy.
Somehow, I acquired a book that deals with this incident.  It was printed very soon afterward and includes photos of some of the victims along with their biographies.  For some odd reason, the first page or two are missing and somebody had torn out the photo of one of the victims.  In any event, this massacre occurred on the 23rd and 24th of August so we just passed the 81st anniversary of this event.  Let this post be a memorial to the victims listed in this book:
1)  Rabbi Yisrael Shlomo Zalman Vilinski 26 years old.
2)  Shlomo Yitzhak Broyda 28 years old.
3)  Shmuel Aizik Bernstein 26 years old.
4)  Meshulam Shraga Mitevski 26 years old.
5)  Dov Lipin 26 years old.
6)  Chayim Shalom Alter Cher 25 years old.
7)  Yisrael Mordechai haCohen Kaplan 25 years old.
8)  Moshe Aharon Rifas (?) 24 years old.
9)  Shlomo Yagel 25 years old
10)  Yisrael Hillel haCohen Kaplinski  23 years old.
11)  Shmuel haLevi Rosenholtz 23 years old.
12)  Ze’ev haLevi Berman  23 years old.
13)  Aharon David Sheinberg 24 years old.
14)  Tzvi haLevi Froyman 21 years old.
15)  Moshe haLevi Reizman 17 years old.
16)  Avraham Dov Shapira 18 years old.
17)  Binyamin haLevi Horowitz 20 years old.
18)  Yissachar Eliyahu Sendrov 17 years old.
19)  Aharon David Epstein 17 years old.
20)  Yisrael Lazarovski 17 years old.
21)  Ze’ev Greenberg 17 years old.
22)  Eliyahu Dov Haichal 17 years old.
23)  Ya’akov Vexler 17 years old.
24)  Chayim Zelig Krasner 16 years old.
25)  Tzvi Heller 15 years old.
Some of these young men were Americans, sons of wealthy families from places like Chicago and Cincinnati.  They relinquished the easy life for a life of hardship and sacrifice in the Holy Land.  Though they had no intention of making the ultimate sacrifice, when the time came, they did so with courage and dignity.  The stories of their short lives are told in this book, along with the details of how they met their demise.  I stood at their graves but I could never stand in their place.

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8 Responses to the Hebron pogrom of 1929

  1. Ryan says:

    Jewamongyou I have a book named Holy War by Karen Armstrong. I originally bought it because I thought it would of course enlighten me more on the Crusades, but one of the central themes of the book actually revolves around the Jewish/Palestinian situation.
    It actually wasn’t untill I read it that I found out that there really could be no agreement with the Arabs there and the Jews. The Arabs seem to be about absolutism, whereas the Jews were willing to compromise. There were other riots if I remember correctly around 1920-22 as well where Arabs fanatically went after any Jews and rejected the idea of a Jewish homeland.
    The author goes borderline when it comes to being PC, but I think there really would be no other way when showing the formation of Israel. Ironically this book had me support the Jews and their desire to have their own homeland, but maybe because I was reading between the lines.
    But possibly to buttress her point of view she goes on about how most Jews in Israel feel badly about what they and their ancestors have done to the Arabs in great detail from those in the military to the politicians. Personally I think Islam shouldn’t exist, and shouldn’t have taken over the Middle East, and North Africa. These insane murderers seemingly have little to no conscience and I wouldn’t mind if they were wiped off the face of the Earth.
    Maybe I should convert and move to Israel. Or maybe I was a Jew in another life, oh well.

    • Gaurav Ahuja says:

      “These insane murderers seemingly have little to no conscience and I wouldn’t mind if they were wiped off the face of the Earth.” Let us not forget that the Palestinians were under occupation from hostile governments whether it was the Ottoman Empire or the Israeli empire. And the Israeli government made the lives of Palestinians much worse than the lives of Jews. When Palestinians fight back, remember how much terrorist attacks they have been through as well. Also, the use of the word insane should not be used in this context. You’re clearly exaggerating the point to just criticize people you hate. Use a better word. In addition, Jews would discourage you to convert as would I.

  2. cruft says:

    recently returned from my first visit to Israel. spent a mont in an orthodox community, yespeth jerico, on the west bank. many instances occurred concerning arabs one of which we surely have made the news; ” two jews killed by arabs on the Mt. of Olives in a riot”. were saved by an arab man who moments before had been rightly angry at my friend. found far more graciousness and hospitality amoung the arabs than the jews. and my friend was easiloy seen for what he was by his keppa.

  3. cruft says:

    this was only once in many times this happened. sure did see utter hatred in arab eyes but much more shere humanity. now if it was up to me not a single arab would see tommorow in Israel, not one. still am glad to have been there and seen the gut renching reality. can’t wait to return for the thousand years.

  4. Bay Area Guy says:

    Hey JAY, maybe you can do a post on this, but I was wondering about distinctions between religious Jews and ethnic Jews.
    For example, during his debate with Jared Taylor, Tim Wise pointed out that him being Jewish allows him to relate to oppressed peoples.
    At the same time, Tim Wise, religiously speaking, is an agnostic (or something like that).
    And yet he still sees himself as ethnically Jewish. You see, to me, I like religious Jews far more than secular ethnic Jews. Religious Jews are interested in practicing Judaism and have respect for traditional societies. Ethnic Jews, like our friends at the ADL or Tim Wise, are either screaming about anti-Semitism or pushing anti-white Cultural Marxism.
    Maybe a post on the ideological/political differences between religious and secular (ie. ethnic) Jews would be good.

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